of the Moroccanity of the Sahara
In October 1975 Spain initiated negotiations with the Sahrawi rebel leaders who were behind the guerrilla war which was challenging Spanish control of the Sahara and had rocked the area since 1973. Morocco, situated north of Western Sahara, was of the opinion that this territory was fundamentally part of Morocco due to historical ties. Mauritania, to the south of the area, argued that Western Sahara should be incorporated into their region.
Historical Ties of Western Sahara to Morocco